Last week saw the announcement of the shortlist for the 14th Caine Prize for African Writing. The shortlist of 5 stories was selected by judges Gus Casely-Hayford (Chair), Sokari Douglas Camp, John Sutherland, Nathan Hensley and Leila Aboulela out of 96 submissions from 16 African countries. While in the last 5 years the shortlist has always represented a geographical spread of writers from East, Southern and West Africa, this year the shortlist is made up of writing from West Africa alone – with 4 of the 5 shortlisted writers from Nigeria. The shortlisted stories are:
- Elnathan John (Nigeria) ‘Bayan Layi’ from Per Contra, Issue 25 (USA, 2012)
- Tope Folarin (Nigeria) ‘Miracle’ from Transition, Issue 109 (Bloomington, 2012)
- Pede Hollist (Sierra Leone) ‘Foreign Aid’ from Journal of Progressive Human Services, Vol. 23.3 (Philadelphia, 2012)
- Abubakar Adam Ibrahim (Nigeria) ‘The Whispering Trees’ from The Whispering Trees, published by Parrésia Publishers (Lagos, 2012)
- Chinelo Okparanta (Nigeria) ‘America’ from Granta, Issue 118 (London, 2012)
They are all available to download and read for free on the Caine Prize website.
We are excited to announce that this year Africa in Words will be part of what Aaron Bady has described as a five week ‘blog-carnival’ around the shortlisted stories. Aaron is a PhD student at the University of California, Berkeley who blogs at The New Inquiry and for the last two years has coordinated a conversation across the ‘blogosphere’ week-by-week on a designated story shortlisted for the prize. From the end of May, and in the run-up to the winner being announced in early July, Africa in Words (and lots of other blogs – email Aaron if you’d like to take part!) will be posting a review or comment piece every week on one of the shortlisted stories each by a different contributor (some regular, some new).
Supporting James English’s claim that prizes are ‘perhaps the most ubiquitous feature of cultural life’ (The Economy of Prestige, 2005, p2), prize news for African writing in English seems to be everywhere at the moment. At the end of April (appropriately after her stunning performances at 2012 Kwani? Litfest) Warsan Shire was announced as the inaugural winner of the Brunel University African Poetry Prize and last week E.E. Sule (Nigeria) and Julian Jackson (South Africa) were announced as the regional winners of the Commonwealth Book and Short Story Prizes respectively. As an Associate Editor for the Kwani? Manuscript Project, I’m currently on tenterhooks awaiting news from our judges with the shortlist and winners of the prize to be announced next month.
The Caine Prize, frequently cited as ‘Africa’s premier literary award’, has been criticized for endorsing both a certain kind of ‘African story’ and the idea that the cultural value of African writing can be conferred from ‘the West’ via a dinner at Oxford’s Bodleian library. As Tom Odhiambo commented in an article for The East African in 2010 ‘the politics of literature and prizes, especially awards given in the West, should be of concern to those interested in African art and culture.’ Both Odhiambo and Samantha Pinto’s recent article in The Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies highlight that these politics are complex and as Pinto concludes: ‘Thanks to literary prize culture like that of the Caine Prize in African Writing, old-model aesthetic “failures” are now part of a public and fruitful conversation that is making its way into some of the most original new literature from the continent today.’
James English has argued that when it comes to literary prizes, scandal and debate about their value are very much part of their ‘normal and proper functioning’ and the way in which they accumulate journalistic or cultural capital. These concerns and interventions about the ways in which the cultural value of anglophone African writing circulates via literary prizes are something that will be discussed in the context of the of the winner of the Kwani? Manuscript Project and the imminent announcement of the winner of the Caine Prize as part of a panel at the Africa Writes festival this year.
With literary prizes everywhere and on my mind, for me Binyavanga Wainaina (winner of the Caine Prize in 2002) got to crux of the issue when talking about the Caine Prize in a recent article for the London Review of Books blog saying: ‘The thing is: it’s a nice thing to submit, £10,000 is an excellent thing to earn, it’s always nice to go to England but it’s far from being at the centre of where production, debate and conversation is going on, right? It’s a good thing but it isn’t the thing.’ I recently discovered Indiana University’s African Literary Awards Database which lists 268 literary prizes. Although by no means all of these are still active (the Penguin Prize for African Writing was only awarded in 2010, the Noma Award established in 1979 hasn’t been awarded since 2009), it shows the debate about ‘prizing’ African literature should never be limited to a conversation about the Caine Prize and the Kwani? Manuscript Project.
Just back from a recent trip to Lagos, I was struck that the literary awards most frequently mentioned in conversation were the Wole Soyinka Prize and the Nigeria Prize for Literature. The biennial Wole Soyinka Prize was established in 2005 by the Nigerian writer Ogochukwu Promise and is looking for ‘the best literary work produced by an African’. The prize’s major sponsor is the Nigerian telecommunications company ‘Glo’ and the winner receives $20,000; as of 2014 the prize will alternate between considering prose (2014), poetry (2016) and drama (2018). Set up in 2004, the yearly Nigeria Prize for Literature aims to ‘honour the best book by a Nigerian within the last 4 years’ and was won in 2012 by Chika Unigwe for her novel On Black Sisters’ Street. The award of $100,000 is funded by Nigeria LNG, a liquefied natural gas producing company, and unsurprisingly this too has attracted ‘scandal and debate’. This is of course just a snapshot of what is happening in one of 55 African countries but, with the Nigeria-heavy shortlist of this year’s Caine Prize, the landscape of literary prizes in Nigeria seems a particularly relevant reference point.
So back to the Caine Prize, it is a ‘good thing, but it isn’t the thing’, and yet conversation about whether it is or is claiming to be ‘the thing’ is important and will still continue. The prize has undoubtedly played a significant part in shaping the production and reception of post-millennial African writing in the UK and beyond, and this needs to be recognised and explored critically.
While these conversations continue, the prize also continues to showcase some fantastic writing and to make that available for anyone to download, read and have an opinion about. Bady’s ‘blog-carnival’ has created an opportunity in some ways to reclaim the critical space of the prize away from a judging panel and an Oxford dinner. Conversations and opinions about the stories in the ‘blogosphere’ have arguably started to circulate more widely across Africa and beyond than the comments of the judges. This is something Africa in Words is excited about being part of, and if you have an opinion after reading this blog – read the stories and join the conversation too.
 James F. English, ‘Winning the Culture Game: Prizes, Awards and Rules of Art’ in A Twentieth Century Literary Reader: Texts and Debates, eds. Suman Gupta and David Johnson (Abingdon: Routledge, 2005), pp 243-260 (p. 246).